What is ABA?Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the science of controlling and predicting human behavior. It focuses on the reliable measurement and objective evaluation of observable behavior. It is also the process of systematically applying the interventions determined by the principles of learning theory in order to enhance socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree (Baer, D., Wolf, M., & Risley, R. (1968/1987)
Behavior analysts refuse the usage of hypothetical constructs and gives attention to the relationship of a persons’ behavior towards the environment. By assessing the relationship between a targeted behavior as well as the environment, the strategies of ABA can be utilized to alter that behavior. Research in applied behavior analysis ranges from behavioral intervention techniques to fundamental research, which investigates the principles by which humans adapt and maintain behavior.
The objective of ABA intervention is to allow the child to function as independently and productively as possible in various environments. ABA methods are used to support people with autism spectrum disorders by increasing desirable behaviors, teaching new skills, maintaining and generalizing skills, restricting conditions under which interfering behaviors occur, and at the same time reducing the said interfering behaviors.
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